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Manzanar Information

Informational Links

NPS Website

In 1942, the United States government ordered more than 110,000 men, women, and children to leave their homes and detained them in remote, military-style camps. Manzanar War Relocation Center was one of ten camps where Japanese American citizens and resident Japanese aliens were interned during World War II.


The Manzanar

The 150 year history of the Japanese in America, like other immigrant groups, is one of triumph and tragedy. It is the story of an immigrant group that helped to build America, and after suffering the indignities of forced removal and incarceration, rose to recoup their lives and rebuild their communities.


Relocation Center

The Manzanar Relocation Center, established as the Owens Valley Reception Center, was first run by the U.S. Army's Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA). It later became the first relocation center to be operated by the War Relocation Authority (WRA).


Photo Gallery

Pictures from the September 14, 2002 Trip.


  • Face to Face

    Stories from the Aftermath of Infamy

    After the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, people of Japanese ancestry living in the United States were subjected to the emotional venting of racial hatred and distrust, eventually leading to the incarceration of nearly 120,000 people, most of them U.S. citizens.

  • Manzanar


    Check out the song Manzanar  from Box of Visions by Tom Russel.
    Used with permission of Tom Russell, Frontera Music, ASCAP.

Library Resources & Policy

Manzanar - Japanese American internment during World War II

Porterville College Library Resources & Policy:

Because the books in this special collection are in high demand, there is a limit of two (2) books per person per checkout. The checkout computer does not allow renewals. However, students can check a book in and out again (if there are no holds).

Some library books have a one-week checkout period and some, a six-week checkout. Be sure you know your time limit (1 week or 6 weeks).

A hold may be placed on books checked out to reserve a copy for next use.

Manzanar & internment resources:

  • Reserve shelf: library checkout counter
  • Videos, notebooks, biographies, publications
  • Teaching kit for Farewell to Manzanar
  • NetLibrary for ebooks (online books) - (Must create free account in library: http://www.Netlibrary.com)
  • Databases for magazine/journal/newspaper articles - (Ask library staff for subscription database handout.)
  • Reference, nonfiction, and fiction Books

Books and Printed Materials

(Manzanar collection, on reserve, in Valley Writers, in fiction or nonfiction)

Adams, Ansel
Born Free and Equal: The Story of Loyal Japanese Americans,
Manzanar Relocation Center, Inyo County, California
Bosworth, Allan R.
America’s Concentration Camps
Burton, Jeffery, et al.
Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese AmericanRelocation Sites
Burton, Jeffery, Jeremy Haines, and Mary Farrell
I REI TO: Archeological Investigations at the Manzanar Relocation Center Cemetery, Manzanar National Historic Site, California
Chan, Jeffery Paul, Frank Chin, Lawson Fusao Inada, and Shawn Wong (Eds.)
The Big Aiiieeeee! An Anthology of Chinese American and
Japanese American Literature
Conrat, Maisie and Richard
Executive Order 9066: The Internment of 110,000 Japanese Americans
Crost, Lyn
Honor by Fire: Japanese Americans at War in Europe and the Pacific
Daniels, Roger
Concentration Camps: North America Japanese in the United States and Canada during World War II
Daniels, Roger (Ed.)
Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress
Davis, Daniel S.
Behind Barbed Wire: The Imprisonment of Japanese Americans during World War II
DiStasi, Lawrence (Ed.)
Una Storia Segreta: The Secret History of Italian American
Evacuation and Internment during World War II
Drinnon, Richard
Keeper of Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism
Duus, Masayo Umezawa
Unlikely Liberators: The Men of the 100th and 442nd
Egami, Hatsuye
The Evacuation Diary of Hatsuye Egami
Ehrlich, Gretel
Heart Mountain
Farewell to Manzanar: Video Study Guide
Gesensway, Deborah and Mindy Roseman
Beyond Words: Images from America’s Concentration Camps
Guterson, David
Snow Falling on Cedars
Hansen, Arthur A., et al.
An Annotated Bibliography for Manzanar National Historic Site
Harth, Erica (Ed.)
Last Witnesses: Reflections on the Wartime Internment of Japanese Americans
Higashide, Seiichi
Adios to Tears: The Memoirs of a Japanese-Peruvian Internee in
U.S. Concentration Camps
Houston, Jeanne Wakatsuki and James D. Houston
Farewell to Manzanar
Farewell to Manzanar and Related Readings
Farewell to Manzanar and Related Readings: Sourcebook
Inada, Fusao Inada
Drawing the Line
Legends from Camp
Only What We Could Carry (Ed.)
Iriye, Akira
Power and Culture: The Japanese-American War, 1941-1945
Japanese American Citizens League
A Lesson in American History: The Japanese American Experience (Curriculum and Resource Guide with three videos)
Japanese American World War II Evacuation Oral History Project
Part I: Internees; Part II: Administrators
Kikuchi, Charles
The Kikuchi Diary: Chronicle from an American Concentration Camp:
The Tanforan Journals of Charles Kikuchi
Kim, Kristine
Henry Sugimoto: Painting an American Experience
Kitano, Harry
The Japanese Americans (The Immigrant Experience)
Japanese Americans: The Evolution of a Subculture
Kogawa, Joy
Kono, Robert H.
The Last Fox: A Novel of the 100th/442nd RCT
Liset, Louis
Imprisoned Apart: The World War II Correspondence of an Issei Couple - Manzanar Resources (PC Library Notebook)
Masumoto, David Mas
Country Voices: The Oral History of a Japanese American
Family Farm Community
Epitaph for a Peach
Harvest Son
Matsuo, Dorothy
Boyhood to War: History and Anecdotes of the 442nd RCT
Miyake, Perry
21st Century Manzanar: A Novel
Muller, Eric L.
Free to Die for their Country: The Story of the Japanese American
Draft Resisters in World War II
Nagata, Donna K.
Legacy of Injustice: Exploring the Cross-Generational Impact of the
Japanese American Internment
Okada, John
No-No Boy: A Novel
Okihiro, Gary Y.
Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture
Storied Lives: Japanese American Students and World War II
Okubo, Miné
Citizen 13660
Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians
Peterson, William
Japanese Americans: Oppression and Success
Reflections: In Three Self-Guided Tours of Manzanar
Tateishi, John
And Justice for All: An Oral History of the Japanese American Detention Camps
Topaz Moon: Chiura Obata’s Art of the Internment
Tunnell, Michael O. and George W. Chilcoat
The Children of TOPAZ: The Story of a Japanese-American
Internment Camp: Based on a Classroom Diary
Uchida, Yoshiko
Desert Exile: The Uprooting of a Japanese American Family

Video Collection

(Videos are viewed in the library)

  • Days of Waiting (28 minutes – see A Lesson in American History: The Japanese American Experience – Curriculum and Resource Guide)
  • Family Gathering (60 minutes – see A Lesson in American History: The Japanese American Experience – Curriculum and Resource Guide)
  •  Farewell to Manzanar
  •  Manzanar Awareness Project – Porterville College, 2003
  • A Personal Matter:  Gordon Hirabayashi  vs. the United States (30 minutes -- (see A Lesson in American History:  The Japanese American Experience – Curriculum and Resource Guide)
  • Something Strong Within (40 minutes)
  • Time of Fear
  • Without Due Process:  Japanese Americans and World War II (52 minutes)